Why We Need Structural Health Monitoring? Owners and maintenance managers of capital-intensive assets are looking for cost-effective and reliable inspection and monitoring solutions to ensure safety and reliability of these structures. Modern design codes are now looking in a much longer service life. For example, The Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (S6-14, 2014) considers a service life of 75 years for newly constructed bridges. One good example in this case… Read More »Why We Need Structural Health Monitoring?
The Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (S6-14, 2014) considers a service life of 75 years for newly constructed bridge. What does this mean in engineering terms? It means that the bridges of the future should have satisfactory performance, both durability and structural, during the proposed life-cycle. This can be quite challenging when we look closely; the environment and environmental loading (i.e. snow, freeze and thaw cycles, corrosion, earthquakes, etc.) can… Read More »The Future of Bridge Inspection
In this article, we will briefly present and discuss Impact-Echo (IE) method for testing concrete structures. The concept behind the technique will be reviewed. We will also study the applications and limitation of the IE method and How to Test Concrete Using Impact-Echo Method. The test method was adapted as a standard test procedure by the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM C1383) (1), “Standard Test Method for Measuring the P-Wave… Read More »How to Test Concrete Using Impact-Echo Method?
Share on linkedin Share on facebook Share on twitter Share on telegram Share on whatsapp Share on email Concrete Imaging and Scanning are used to assess the location and extent of sub-surface defects. Different non-destructive test methods have been developed and used over the past few decades. The following article briefly describes some of these methods, and their application in the structure inspection and structural condition assessment. What is Concrete… Read More »NDT Methods for Concrete Imaging and Scanning
In a bridge structure, abutment refers to the substructure unit which supports the end of the structure (bridge span) and retains the approach fill (see Ontario Structure Inspection Manual). Abutments are commonly made of mass concrete, reinforced concrete, or wood. Usually, abutments consist of a number of components: + Foundation + Abutment wall + Ballast wall + Wing walls + Bearing seats. (Image on the right: Adapted from OSIM, 2008) Abutments can… Read More »How to Evaluate Bridge Abutments?
The collapse of Ponte Morandi in Genoa, Italy (read more) and Florida International University pedestrian bridge (read more) have raised concerns about the safety and reliability of existing and new bridge structures. common Defects in bridge structures can affect the overall safety of the bridge structures. Different deterioration mechanisms can lead to major defects. Exiting infrastructure in developed countries are nearing the end of their initial service life design. According to the… Read More »Common Defects in Bridge Structures
Quality control of concrete piles is a challenging task. Engineers, and contractors rely on experience and well-established procedures and test standards to verify the strength, and consistency of pile materials. Non-destructive testing help reveal potential defects that might have happened during pile casting (in the case of cast-in-place piles), or transportation and installation (in the case of precast piles). Construction and installation of concrete piles might lead to defects in… Read More »Quality Control of Concrete Piles
Inspection and Non-destructive Testing of Concrete Tanks at regular intervals will ensure the safety and reliability of these assets. Application of NDT methods for inspection and monitoring will help detect and quantify potential defects and deterioration mechanisms at early stage. Test results will help the owners in prioritizing repair and maintenance needs, and prevent excessive damages which can have great financial and environmental impacts. In this article, we will briefly review… Read More »Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete Tanks
In this article, we will briefly review how to Estimate Strength of Concrete Using NDT Methods. Compressive strength of concrete is by far the most important property of concrete. It represents the mechanical properties of concrete; for example, the 28 days compressive strength of concrete cylinders is the key parameter in most design codes (ACI 318-14, CSA A23.3-14). Concrete strength is found to have reasonable relationship with certain durability parameters of concrete.… Read More »How To Estimate Strength of Concrete Using NDT Methods?
Pile Integrity Testing (PIT) is a non-destructive testing method for evaluating the unknown length and integrity of piles and deep foundations. The basic concept behind the technique is determining the velocity (required) and force (optional) response of pile induced by an impact device (normally, a handheld hammer). Pile Integrity Testing works best for long structural component such as driven concrete piles, cast-in place concrete piles, concrete filled steel pipe piles, timber piles,… Read More »Practical Considerations in Pile Testing