Load testing is a common practice among bridge engineers for the assessment of bridge safety and serviceability. Diagnostic load testing is one type of load test methods that can be used either as a means for estimating the load carrying capacity of an in-service bridge or as an acceptance test before the bridge is put into service [Olaszek et al, 2014]. This article provides a quick review to Diagnostic Load… Read More »Bridge Diagnostic Load Testing
Bridge structures are among the most important infrastructure. There are about 600,000 bridges in the US and about 75,000 in Canada. Bridges play a vital role in transportation industry, as they facilitate the transports of goods, as well as people. The construction of bridges has a long history, and goes back to centuries ago.
Bridge structures in North America have an average age of 40 years; they are rapidly nearing the end of their initial service life. the repair and maintenance of these bridges are very important.
Structural Health Monitoring for Bridge Structures have the potential to collect significant amount of information about the damage state of various structural components at the global and element level.
The following article is a quick review of the most cost-effective and easy to implement non-destructive testing for detailed bridge condition survey. We were recently involved in a detailed bridge deck condition survey in Perth, Ontario. The main objective was to inspect and evaluate the existing condition of the bridge deck, identify surface and subsurface defects, and evaluate the corrosion activity. As one might expect, the scope of project leaves… Read More »Non-Destructive Testing for Detailed Bridge Condition Survey
Why We Need Structural Health Monitoring? Owners and maintenance managers of capital-intensive assets are looking for cost-effective and reliable inspection and monitoring solutions to ensure safety and reliability of these structures. Modern design codes are now looking in a much longer service life. For example, The Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (S6-14, 2014) considers a service life of 75 years for newly constructed bridges. One good example in this case… Read More »Why We Need Structural Health Monitoring?
The Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (S6-14, 2014) considers a service life of 75 years for newly constructed bridge. What does this mean in engineering terms? It means that the bridges of the future should have satisfactory performance, both durability and structural, during the proposed life-cycle. This can be quite challenging when we look closely; the environment and environmental loading (i.e. snow, freeze and thaw cycles, corrosion, earthquakes, etc.) can… Read More »The Future of Bridge Inspection
In this article, we will briefly present and discuss Impact-Echo (IE) method for testing concrete structures. The concept behind the technique will be reviewed. We will also study the applications and limitation of the IE method and How to Test Concrete Using Impact-Echo Method. The test method was adapted as a standard test procedure by the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM C1383) (1), “Standard Test Method for Measuring the P-Wave… Read More »How to Test Concrete Using Impact-Echo Method?
In a bridge structure, abutment refers to the substructure unit which supports the end of the structure (bridge span) and retains the approach fill (see Ontario Structure Inspection Manual). Abutments are commonly made of mass concrete, reinforced concrete, or wood. Usually, abutments consist of a number of components: + Foundation + Abutment wall + Ballast wall + Wing walls + Bearing seats. (Image on the right: Adapted from OSIM, 2008) Abutments can… Read More »How to Evaluate Bridge Abutments?
The collapse of Ponte Morandi in Genoa, Italy (read more) and Florida International University pedestrian bridge (read more) have raised concerns about the safety and reliability of existing and new bridge structures. common Defects in bridge structures can affect the overall safety of the bridge structures. Different deterioration mechanisms can lead to major defects. Exiting infrastructure in developed countries are nearing the end of their initial service life design. According to the… Read More »Common Defects in Bridge Structures
In this article, we will briefly review how to Estimate Strength of Concrete Using NDT Methods. Compressive strength of concrete is by far the most important property of concrete. It represents the mechanical properties of concrete; for example, the 28 days compressive strength of concrete cylinders is the key parameter in most design codes (ACI 318-14, CSA A23.3-14). Concrete strength is found to have reasonable relationship with certain durability parameters of concrete.… Read More »How To Estimate Strength of Concrete Using NDT Methods?
A corroded structure (whether it is a bridge, or a jetty, or a simple ramp) could be scary for many people. Imagine yourself driving along the Gardner Express (Downtown Toronto), or the highway 40 (Montreal), and all of a sudden, a piece of concrete falls onto your car, breaking the windshield. Feels scary? Indeed! A corroded structure makes you feel so unsafe, even if it is in stable condition. This… Read More »Corrosion Monitoring of Reinforced Concrete Structures